Bermuda Grass Calendar for Texas Lawns (2022)

Bermuda grass is a popular choice for Texas lawns, and there are several reasons why. First, bermuda grass is a warm season grass that does well in both heat and drought conditions. It’s also hardy, meaning it can take a lot of foot traffic without wearing down. Bermuda grass can grow quickly and thrive from either seed or sod, and it grows well in shallow or deep soil, which makes it versatile.

That said, there is still general maintenance homeowners can do to ensure bermuda grass grows healthy and strong. Follow this bermuda grass calendar in Texas if you want your lawn to look great, even in our extreme temperatures and sometimes under dry and humid conditions.

Mowing

As your grass starts to come out of its dormant phase in March, you can start mowing. Mow the lawn at a 1 to 2-inch height weekly, or as frequently as needed as long as you’re taking care not to scalp the grass. Never heard the term “scalping”? This occurs when more than a third of the grass is cut off the top. Scalping can make your grass less stress-tolerant.

You can maintain this mowing schedule for the rest of the growing season until the grass starts to become dormant again. You may choose to halt your mowing altogether in November, or just mow as necessary to keep your lawn looking tidy.

Watering

Bermuda grass is one of the most heat and drought-tolerant grasses you can have in Texas. For many months out of the year, you can rely on rainfall to keep your lawn hydrated. Typically, you don’t have to start watering your lawn until around May. At a minimum, only water your lawn as necessary to prevent drought stress.

(Video) Bermuda Grass Calendar Please See New Calendar in Description

You can use visual cues to see if your grass needs watering. If you see that your grass is starting to wilt or is turning a blue-gray color, this usually indicates your lawn could use some water. After the first few weeks of using visual cues to see how frequently your grass needs water, you can set up your sprinkler system to water your grass once or twice a week, depending on how often you notice your grass needs a boost. Starting in November, you can typically turn off your sprinkler systems for the remainder of the year since your lawn is dormant.

Fertilizing

You can apply fertilizer for the first time once your lawn has started actively growing and you’ve mowed your lawn two to three times. This is typically sometime between mid-April and May. It’s recommended that you test your soil before fertilizing for the best results. That said, the general rule of thumb is to apply a half-pound to a pound of fertilizer for every 1,000 square feet. Fertilizer applications should be spread out every four to eight weeks, and should be done using a combination of quick and slow-release nitrogen. Depending on these factors, you will likely fertilize your grass one to four times during the summer months. You can stop fertilizing for the year in October.

Controlling Weeds

Having a dense lawn is the best way to prevent weeds from growing. There are also other things you can do to reduce your chances of having weeds. Bermuda grass weed control involves applying pre-emergence herbicides and post-emergence herbicides. You’ll want to apply pre-emergent for crabgrass, goosegrass and other summer annual weeds in February or early March. Mid-March is when these varieties typically germinate, so you need to stay ahead of their growing schedule in order for the pre-emergent to be effective.

In May, or before the onset of summer drought stress, apply post-emergent for summer annual weeds and summer perennial weeds. Then, in September, apply pre-emergent for winter weeds like bluegrass, chickweed and henbit. In November, apply post-emergent for winter annuals and cool-season perennials.

Controlling Insects and Disease

In April, keep an eye out for any sign of take-all root rot and spring dead spot. Take-all root rot can look like light green or yellow irregularly-shaped patches of discoloration, thinning grass or bare spots. Spring dead spot usually looks like circular patches of grass that stay dormant during that growing season and expand each year. Also, look out for signs of fire ant mounds. If you’re noticing signs of grubs, such as yellow spots in your grass, you can apply preventative grub products starting in June. As the summer heat starts to cool down, look out for large patch, which is another lawn disease that can often appear as circular patches of discolored or dead grass. To control these conditions, apply fungicides where necessary.

Aerating

You can aerate your lawn anytime starting in April and ending in October. Aeration works best when there is moisture in the soil and is especially beneficial for newly established grasses.

(Video) Bermudagrass Calendar - Bermuda Lawn Maintenance for Beginners

Although bermuda grass is relatively low maintenance, there is still maintenance involved, and many homeowners don’t have the time or desire to do it. If you don’t want to keep track of a lawn care schedule, lawn care specialists can do it for you. They have the tools and training to keep your grass healthy. In addition, they can help you decide on whether St. Augustine grass, bermuda grass or some other type of grass will be the best option for your yard.

You may be wondering about the right bermuda grass calendar because your bermuda grass isn’t looking its best this year. Or, maybe you want to switch out your current grass with bermuda grass. Either way, if you’re looking to plant fresh bermuda grass, it’s helpful to know the best time to plant your new grass.

When To Plant Bermuda Grass

In Texas, when to plant bermuda grass depends on the temperature of the soil. Bermuda grass should be planted when soil temperatures are consistently warmer; this happens when both daytime and nighttime temperatures are between 70 and 95 degrees. In most parts of Texas, this happens early in the year, often before spring actually arrives according to the calendar. You can plant bermuda grass starting in late February or March to grow a thriving lawn.

Bermuda grass grows quickly and well from seeds, sod, plugs or sprigs. This is one of the qualities of this type of grass that makes it so versatile. Of course, there are pros and cons associated with each method. Which one you choose just depends on your particular yard and needs.

Planting From Seed

Growing bermuda grass from seed is the least expensive way to grow this type of grass. Since bermuda grass is a warm season grass, it’s best to set out these grass seeds in late spring or early summer, to make sure they will germinate best and get well established before the dormant season begins in late fall. The rule of thumb for bermuda grass seed is one-half pound to one pound of seeds per 1,000 square feet of lawn. Some types of bermuda grasses aren’t available in seed form; these are called improved varieties of bermuda grass. They can be planted in plugs, sprigs or sod form.

(Video) Bermuda Grass Calendar for lawns 2022 // Sunniland Fertilizer // Lawn calendar

Planting From Plugs or Sprigs

If you’re going to plant bermuda grass plugs or sprigs, you should plan for five to ten bushels of sprigs to cover each 1,000 square feet of yard space. You can plant them six inches apart in rows that are a foot apart from each other. Like other forms of bermuda grass, plugs and sprigs are best grown during their natural growing season, during the warmer months of the year. Whether you grow bermuda grass from seeds, plugs or sprigs, they will need plenty of water and correct fertilizing to grow well and become established.

Laying Sod

Some people prefer to lay out bermuda grass sod even though it’s more expensive, because it’s a little more foolproof. Sod is already established, as opposed to seeds, plugs or sprigs. Therefore, when you plant it, it doesn’t need quite as much special attention to thrive. You also won’t need to cover the entire area that you’re sodding. Instead, you can lay out the sod in a staggered or checkerboard pattern, and it should quickly grow into the empty spaces.

Another good thing about planting bermuda grass sod is that it can be planted anytime throughout the year, especially if you just need to patch a small part of your lawn. Of course, bermuda grass sod will grow best and become most easily established during its natural growing season, from late spring through summer and into early fall.

A lawn care professional is a great resource whether you have a patchy lawn that needs a little help to look and grow better, or you need a whole new lawn installed. A professional can save you both labor and trouble by determining the best way to install a green, thriving bermuda grass lawn. A lawn care specialist can also set up a lawn maintenance schedule to keep your yard healthy and beautiful throughout the year.

Of course, another consideration when deciding how you want to plant your bermuda grass is how long it takes for this type of grass to grow.

(Video) Late Summer Bermuda Lawn Transition

How Long Does It Take for Bermuda Grass To Grow?

Many people considering Bermuda grass wonder: “How long does it take for bermuda grass to grow?” Bermuda grass is a quick-growing grass; this is one of the reasons many landscapers and homeowners choose it. This is true whether you grow your lawn from seed or lay down sod. But, growing bermuda grass from seed, plugs or sprigs takes somewhat longer than laying out sod.

Under ideal conditions, bermuda grass seed can germinate within three to seven days and you can have a limited, but basic coverage within five to six weeks. If planted in conditions that aren’t ideal, it can take three weeks or longer for the seeds to germinate. This is why it’s helpful to plant your bermuda grass during its peak growing season.

Since sod is rectangles of grass already established in a layer of soil, sod is the quickest and easiest way to get bermuda grass established.

Growing a healthy lawn is certainly doable on your own, especially if you have time and you enjoy learning about what nutrients and other maintenance your lawn will need. Many people find this aspect of lawn care to be a chore. Lawn care specialists are professionals who are trained to know what each type of yard and soil needs to support a healthy lawn. They can take care of every step for you, from designing your yard and choosing the right type of grass to planting it and caring for it throughout the year. That leaves you free to enjoy the benefits of your healthy yard with none of the headache.

ABC Can Keep Your Bermuda Grass Healthy and Strong

While bermuda grass is relatively low maintenance, there are still lots of tasks involved in keeping it green and healthy. Instead of laboring over your lawn, let ABC Home & Commercial Services keep your grass looking its best. Our professionals can handle every aspect of your lawn care schedule, so you can reap the benefits.

FAQs

What do you put on Bermuda grass in March? ›

Depending on the particular year, this is usually in mid-March to mid-April, when the dogwoods are in full bloom. Use a complete lawn fertilizer that contains a slow release form of nitrogen. Apply at the rate of 1.5 pounds of actual nitrogen per 1000 square feet. This application will last 2-3 months.

When should you fertilize Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

The Temperature To Fertilize Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass must be fertilized in the spring when soil temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit, according to gardening expert Walter Reeves.

How late in the year can you plant Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

Bermudagrass sprigs planted at 2 to 2-1/2 inches deep. Planting Date: Sprigs can be planted from March, when danger of a heavy freeze is past, until August. The earlier you plant, the longer you will have to get established and the better chance they will survive a severe winter.

How many times a year should you fertilize Bermuda grass? ›

So here is your answer: You should fertilize your Bermuda grass about once a month in the spring using a quick-release, complete fertilizer Once your lawn is fully green and dense, you can switch to a slow-release fertilizer. This will slow the growth of your lawn, so it doesn't become overgrown.

What do you put on Bermuda grass in February? ›

Bermudagrass that has not been overseeded has no fertilizer requirements in February. Overseeded lawns will require two winter fertilizer treatments, one in December and one in February. The fertilizer treatment should consist of an exclusively nitrogen fertilizer with a nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium ratio of 21-0-0.

How often should you water Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

Bermudagrass: Frequency: 2 times a week.

What month Should I fertilize my lawn in Texas? ›

Texas lawns usually need a low rate of nitrogen applied once in the spring and, if needed, once again in the fall no later than 6 weeks before the expected first frost. It's best to split the fertilizer into two smaller applications rather than make one heavy application.

Can you plant Bermuda grass in the winter in Texas? ›

Bermuda grass is a fast growing perennial that requires little maintenance, making it an ideal choice for lawns in Texas. However, there are three possible times of year when you can plant bermuda grass: spring, summer and fall.

At what temperature does Bermuda grass go dormant? ›

When soil temperatures drop to and below 55 F, bermudagrass has difficulty producing chlorophyll more rapidly than it is degrading in the plant, particularly with high light intensity. As a result the turfgrass will start lose its dark green color. All bermudagrass will go dormant with air temperatures below 32 F.

Can I just throw Bermuda grass seed down? ›

Will grass seed grow if I just throw it down? Probably not. Some seeds on the soil's surface will sprout, but the germination rate will diminish, and you will not be left with ideal results.

Can you cut Bermuda grass at 3 inches? ›

Answer: Most home lawns are uneven, therefore bermuda grass cannot be mowed much lower than 2 inches in height without scalping some areas. Although bermuda can be cut lower, the lawn surface must be entirely flat and reel mowers become the preferred mowing equipment.

Should you bag Bermuda grass clippings? ›

Should Bermuda be bagged or mulched - YouTube

How much fertilizer do I need for Bermuda grass? ›

Bermudagrass lawns should receive 2 to 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per growing season per 1000 square feet of turf. The higher rate may be used on bermudagrass lawn grown on sandy soils, and the lower rate for lawns grown on clay soils.

When should I put pre emergent on Bermuda grass? ›

Spring is the optimum time to begin a pre-emergent regimen for your bermudagrass. This is the time when dormant seeds that fell the previous fall and any newly emerging shoots will be most vulnerable. But, you'll want to wait until outside temps reach 13C / 55F for it to be effective on both.

Should I cut my Bermuda grass short for winter? ›

For dormant Bermudagrass lawns, you shouldn't really have to mow through winter, though you may want to trim edges or uneven spots occasionally. The Clemson Cooperative Extension advises that lawns that have been overseeded with ryegrass should be mowed at 1 inch, before the grass reaches 1½ inches.

How do I make my Bermuda grass dark green? ›

Bermuda grass works best with a slow-release fertilizer applied every 4 to 6 weeks during its growing season. You'll also want to make sure it's a fertilizer with nitrogen. These options will provide your grass with a dark green color and nutrients for growth.

Is Miracle Grow good for Bermuda grass? ›

Miracle Gro is one of the best water-soluble fertilizers for Bermuda grass and other turfgrasses. It produces quick greening and faster growth since you apply it as a liquid fertilizer. What I like about it for my Bermuda lawn is that you can apply Miracle-Grow Lawn Food at any time of the growing season.

How often should Bermuda grass be watered? ›

Bermuda grass needs 1 to 1.25 inches of water on a weekly basis to retain its color during summer. On sandy soils it requires more frequent watering, like 0.5 inch of water every third day.

How long should Bermuda grass be watered? ›

Bermuda Grass Water Requirements

Each time you water, the soil should be moistened to a depth of 4–6 inches (10–15 cm). This can typically be accomplished in 30–60 minutes of watering with a sprinkler system. Water 2 times per week, providing 0.75 inches of water per session (1.5 inches per week).

How long do I run my sprinklers to get 1 inch of water? ›

To determine how long you need to water to get one inch, place a plastic container in your yard and set a timer. On average, it will take 30 minutes to get a half inch of water. So, 20 minutes, three times per week will give a lawn about an inch of water. This formula works best with healthy, well-cultivated soil.

Is it OK to water Bermuda at night? ›

The ideal time to water is in the morning, before noon to be safe. This allows your grass to retain its moisture during the hot afternoon, but dry off somewhat before nighttime. Wet grass at nighttime can actually promote disease, and you don't want that.

Is sugar good for Bermuda grass? ›

Sugar encourages grass roots to seek nitrogen in soil. This competitive use depletes soil nitrogen for weeds and helps grass flourish and crowd out pest plants. You can use granulated or powdered sugar sprinkled lightly over your lawn or a molasses spray.

Does frequent mowing thicken Bermuda grass? ›

By mowing Bermuda grass frequently (once per week) to under 1 inch in height, you encourage Bermuda grass to grow laterally along the ground, rather than up, which will result in a thicker lawn. Simply changing your mowing height can go a long way to turning a patchy Bermuda lawn into a lush paradise.

Does frequent mowing thicken grass? ›

Mowing actually helps make your grass grow thicker because the tip of each blade contains hormones that suppress horizontal growth. When you cut the lawn, you remove these tips allowing the grass to spread and grow thicker near the roots.

Does sand help Bermuda grass grow? ›

Bermuda grasses grow successfully on sand, loam and clay soils as long as they have good drainage, never become soggy and provide a high amount of nitrogen.

When should I fertilize my lawn in Texas in spring? ›

Spring fertilizer should not be applied until the grass is actively growing. I recommend waiting until the lawn is at least 50% green before fertilizing. If fertilizer is put down before the grass is actively growing, it is going to waste! The proper time during fall to fertilize the lawn is early to mid-September.

What is a good lawn care schedule? ›

Lawn maintenance and fertilizing don't end in the summer. For cool-season grasses, fertilize twice in the fall to take advantage of the great growing conditions. Fertilize once around the beginning of September and then once more 6 to 8 weeks later. For warm-season grasses, only fertilize once.

Should I fertilize my lawn in February? ›

Timing: Apply early spring lawn fertilizer once between February and April, when your grass is starting to green up and begin to actively grow (around the time your lawn first needs to be mowed).

When can you overseed Bermuda in Texas? ›

October is a great month to overseed as the Bermuda is slowing its growth rate but the weather is typically still warm enough for the ryegrass seed to germinate. Daytime temperatures should not be above 70 degrees and nighttime temperatures should not reach above 50 degrees.

Which grass is better Bermuda or St Augustine? ›

Bermuda grass does well in zones 7, 8, 9 and 10, while St. Augustine grass really only performs well in zones 8 through 10. So, if you live along the Gulf Coast or warm coastal areas of the country, St. Augustine grass is a better choice.

How long does it take for Bermuda grass sprigs to grow? ›

Depending on soil temperature, moisture, and management, expect a standard bermudagrass sprigging into a prepared soil to cover within 5-8 weeks after sprigging.

What month does Bermuda grass turn green? ›

Bermuda grass turns green in spring, between February and April, when daytime temperatures rise to around 75℉ (24℃) and nights stay above 60℉ (16℃). Once temperatures stabilize at this point for 3–5 consecutive days, the grass begins to produce chlorophyll again and green-up.

What month does Bermuda come out of dormancy? ›

Bermudagrass remains dormant until spring when average day and nighttime temperatures rise above 50 F for several days.

Will dead Bermuda grass come back? ›

Dead grass isn't coming back, so you'll need to take steps to regrow your lawn. You can replace the grass by seeding or sodding — or installing a new type of landscaping material such as mulch, rocks or groundcover.

What happens if you use too much grass seed? ›

Too much grass seed causes undue competition for resources such as light, water and nutrients, and grass seedlings struggle as a result. Too little seed leaves lawns thin or bare.

Will Bermuda seed germinate on top of soil? ›

Bermuda grass seeds must have a thin soil covering to germinate correctly. It's best to rake down the area you plan to seed, and then when placing the seeds, be sure that you lightly cover each one with soil so that they're about ¼ of an inch deep.

Should you overseed Bermuda grass? ›

In order to keep your Bermuda grass looking thick, lush and healthy year after year, you'll need to overseed periodically.

What height should I cut Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

Set the mowing height at 1 to 2 inches for Common bermudagrass and 1/2 to 11/2 inches for hybrid varieties. Remove no more than one-third of the leaf area with any one mowing. The lower the mowing height, the more frequently you will need to mow.

Is it better to cut Bermuda grass short? ›

Chris Zeisler from Repair Clinic Tip: Cut no more than one-third of your lawn's grass blade length in a single mowing. Because grass grows through photosynthesis, taller grass blades mean healthier root systems. Shorter blades are unable to obtain the energy needed.

What happens if you cut Bermuda grass too short? ›

Can you cut Bermuda grass too short? You'll want to avoid cutting your Bermuda turf too short, as this will cause damage to the grass by way of scalping and bare spots. Scalping refers to when you cut your grass too low to the point of exposing the stem tissues, leaving the grass with a yellowish appearance.

What is the best fertilizer for Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

Top 5 Fertilizers for Bermudagrass – Reviews
  • Milorganite 0636 Nitrogen Fertilizer.
  • Safer Brand Lawn Restore Fertilizer.
  • The Andersons PGF Complete Fertilizer with Humic DG.
  • Scotts Turf Builder Southern Lawn Food.
  • Pennington Smart Seed Bermudagrass Seed and Fertilizer Mix.
11 Aug 2022

Can Bermuda grass choke out weeds? ›

Considered a weed, Bermuda grass can choke out most weed species that compete with grass. It is native to tropical and subtropical countries in the world. It's a perennial warm-season grass, allowing it to grow back every year. It's most active during late spring and hot summer months.

How low should I scalp Bermuda? ›

How Low Should You Scalp Bermuda Grass? Scalp Bermuda grass to 0.5 inches (1 cm) in height. Instead of measuring grass blades, it's safe to set your mower blade to its lowest height. Bermuda grass is more tolerant of scalping than most grass species, so it can recover beautifully from a low scalping.

What months do you fertilize Bermuda grass? ›

The best time to apply fertilizer is after the danger of frost has passed and your lawn is at least 50% green. Depending on the particular year, this is usually in mid-March to mid-April, when the dogwoods are in full bloom.

Can you use Scotts Turf Builder on Bermuda grass? ›

Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed Bermudagrass is great for lawns challenged by long periods of scorching southern heat and drought. This seed mix aggressively spreads to grow a thick, durable lawn.

How do I prepare my Bermuda grass for spring? ›

Early Spring Practices for Bermudagrass - YouTube

How do you take care of Bermuda grass in the spring? ›

How to Care for Bermuda Grass
  1. Maintain a height of between one-half to two-and-a-half inches.
  2. Start mowing in the spring when the grass turns green.
  3. Mow frequently enough so that no more than one-third of the grass blades are removed at a time.
  4. Always use a sharp mower blade.
23 Apr 2018

How do you green Bermuda grass in the spring? ›

Generally, nitrogen should be applied after 20 to 30 percent green-up of bermudagrass. Nitrogen applied at that time will promote leaf growth which, in turf, stimulates stolon and root development. Very early applications of soluble nitrogen increase the risk of injury from a late spring freeze.

When should I spray Bermuda grass? ›

Spraying Bermuda grass when dormant won't kill it so don't spray in winter, early spring or late summer. Wait until the grass is green and actively growing in early or mid-summer, then spray. One application should kill almost all of it.

How often should you water Bermuda grass in Texas? ›

Bermudagrass: Frequency: 2 times a week.

Should you scalp Bermuda grass in the spring? ›

All Bermuda and zoysia lawns (only) should be scalped each spring. Scalping is the removal of dormant, straw-colored turf, and it promotes earlier green-up and helps prevent thatch and weed problems throughout the summer. March 15 through April 30 is a good time to scalp your yard.

What month does Bermuda grass turn green? ›

Bermuda grass turns green in spring, between February and April, when daytime temperatures rise to around 75℉ (24℃) and nights stay above 60℉ (16℃). Once temperatures stabilize at this point for 3–5 consecutive days, the grass begins to produce chlorophyll again and green-up.

Does sand help Bermuda grass grow? ›

Bermuda grasses grow successfully on sand, loam and clay soils as long as they have good drainage, never become soggy and provide a high amount of nitrogen.

How do I make my Bermuda grass dark green? ›

Bermuda grass works best with a slow-release fertilizer applied every 4 to 6 weeks during its growing season. You'll also want to make sure it's a fertilizer with nitrogen. These options will provide your grass with a dark green color and nutrients for growth.

What kills weeds in Bermuda grass? ›

The best sprays for weeds in Bermuda contain the post-emergent herbicides 2,4-D, Dicamba, and Quinclorac mixed together. Products such as Ortho WeedClear and BioAdvanced Lawn Weed and Crabgrass Killer meet these criteria. They will wipe out weeds but leave Bermuda Grass unharmed.

Should you bag Bermuda grass clippings? ›

Should Bermuda be bagged or mulched - YouTube

When can you overseed Bermuda in Texas? ›

October is a great month to overseed as the Bermuda is slowing its growth rate but the weather is typically still warm enough for the ryegrass seed to germinate. Daytime temperatures should not be above 70 degrees and nighttime temperatures should not reach above 50 degrees.

Videos

1. Avoid These 5 MISTAKES In Your BERMUDA Lawn | Bermuda Lawn Tips
(Lawn Insider)
2. Bermuda Lawn Care - 5 Basics - For A Nice Green Lawn - Beginners Start Here!
(Lanier Outside)
3. Bermuda Grass Shedule - Late Summer Early Fall
(How To with Doc)
4. A Beginner's Yearly Lawn Care Guide to Improving or Maintaining a Beautiful, Green Bermudagrass Lawn
(Budget Lawns)
5. Bermudagrass Lawn Care in May | 6 Ways to Prepare your Lawn for Summer
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6. My bermuda lawn schedule for the month of June
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